XENOPHON.
DEDICATED TO CATHERINE THE GREAT
XENOPHON. Ksenofonta o dostopamiatnykh delakh i razgovorakh Sokratovykh chetyre knigi i opravdanie Sokratovo pred sudiiami, perevedennyia s Grecheskago iazyka Nadvornym Sovetnikom Grigoriem Poletikoiu [Xenophon’s four books of the memorable deeds and conversations of Socrates and the apology of Socrates before his judges, translated from the Greek by Court Counsellor Hryhorii Poletyka].
V Sanktpeterburge pri Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk  1762.
12mo (158 × 92 mm), pp. [16], 420; woodcut floral title vignette; fore-margin of front free endpaper and initial two leaves a little frayed and waterstained, tear to two leaves, short wormtracks to p. 263ff touching running titles only, underlining in purple pencil to pp. 188–9; contemporary full calf, a few stains, corners worn, spine creased, defective at head, with loss of the leather in the upper compartment, spine label missing; ink ownership inscription (‘Tikhomirov’) to front endpapers.
First edition in Russian of both the Memorabilia and the Apology, translated by the Ukrainian writer and politician Hryhorii Poletyka (1725–1784), who also produced Russian versions of Aristotle (1757) and Epictetus (1759), compiled the Academy’s multilingual dictionary of Russian, Greek, Latin, French, German, and English (1763), ‘lost one personal library to a fire, amassed another, and wrote one of the first histories of Ukraine’ (Okenfuss, The Rise and Fall of Latin Humanism in Early-Modern Russia, p. 162).

The book was published the same year Catherine the Great acceded to the throne, and is dedicated to her.

Svodnyi katalog 3336; Sopikov 5828. WorldCat locates a sole copy, at Harvard.
£3000   
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